[This post is part of a series on Joseph Smith's Polygamy. To read from the beginning or link to previously published posts, go to A Faithful Joseph.]
The Guardian of Paradise, oil on canvas, 1889, by Franz Stuck
Prior to the fall of 1841, an angel reportedly appeared to Joseph twice, commanding him to establish the principle of celestial marriage. But in the fall of 1841, the angel would return with sword in hand. Joseph had to establish the principle, or his position and very life were forfeit.
Something had changed. God could no longer permit Joseph to take his own sweet time establishing celestial marriage among members of the Church. In the final days of 1841 Joseph enlisted the aid of Dimick Huntington. Like Joseph Bates Noble, Dimick would remain true to Joseph beyond death.
The four women Joseph would marry in response to the angel’s threat were women who were married to other men. I believe Joseph did this because he had already contracted one marriage that did not involve sex. Perhaps he was already aware of how unhappy lack of intimacy had made Louisa Beaman. It would be unreasonable to expect other single women to be satisfied with a marriage that didn’t involve physical intimacy. But these married women would be relieved if the celestial marriage were purely ceremonial.
In preparation for International Day of the Woman, the New York Times has published an article about ways the Mormon Church policies are hurtful to women. The article is titled From Mormon Women: A Flood of Requests and Questions on Their Role in the Church.
The core story involves a Dr. Kristy Money, who was not allowed to hold her daughter when her baby was given a name and a blessing. Dr. Money is very attractive. Her daughter, Rosie, is adorable. The Church oppressing them is horrific by implication. Continue reading
It is possible to reduce water consumption to levels approaching zero for many industrial processes. However when a plant uses water, water losses through transpiration/evaporation is fundamental to the health of the plant. It is evaporation of water from the pores (or stoma) in the leaves that powers the movement of water and nutrients from the roots up the stems and out to leaves.
As the foods we eat ultimately gain their energy from plants, the water footprint of plants is a logical place to start to gain understanding. Continue reading
[This post is part of a series about Joseph Smith's Polygamy. To read from the beginning and see a list of published and planned posts in this series, go to A Faithful Joseph]
General John C. Bennett,
Mayor of Nauvoo,
and Medical Doctor
Dr. John Cook Bennett apparently came to Nauvoo in August 1840. By October 1840 he had been baptized. Less than six months after arriving in Nauvoo, he had been elected Mayor of the city. By the summer of 1842, Bennett and Joseph Smith were each alleging the other had participated in gross misconduct.
There are two prominent views of John Cook Bennett.
Those who revere Joseph Smith tend to believe Bennett was a devilish scoundrel who told vicious lies about Joseph Smith.
Those who don’t much care about Joseph Smith tend to believe Bennett was a colorful individual who possibly told the truth about Joseph Smith.
The great quandary for those who paint Bennett as an irredeemable scoundrel is the question of how Joseph Smith could have allowed Bennett to ascend to such heights.
However real people are not all good or all evil. I think of Bennett as someone who secured freedom for his adopted people and could have been one of the greatest leaders of the Mormon movement. Allow me to explain how a believing and honorable Bennett could have fallen. Continue reading
Total Water Footprint
consists of green water,
blue water, and gray water
You’ll likely suppose it is arrogant of me to use “The Compassionate Mormon” as the title of this series on water. We usually think of compassion in terms of taking meals to the sick or bearing the burdens of those who mourn.
The definition of compassion is:
n. a feeling of deep sympathy and sorrow for another who is stricken by misfortune, accompanied by a strong desire to alleviate the associated suffering
I argue that tens of millions of my brothers and sisters die every year due to issues related to lack of adequate water. I have a strong desire to do what is in my power to alleviate the pain and suffering those premature deaths cause.
Life in this world should be a joyful adventure in a land of peace and plenty, not a destitute hell of want. We must understand how water is consumed before we can hope to understand why water will be a limiting resource that causes war, death, and hunger.