Green Flake

In a month, the award-winning movie about Church pioneer Green Flake will premiere for general audiences. Given the change in how films may be consumed in our new COVID-informed world, this premiere will occur via virtual watch parties, with each showing accompanied by live Q&A sessions with those involved in this film.

I obviously haven’t seen the film yet, but I am heartened by the reviews I am seeing from the Los Angeles International Film Festival and top honors from the Venice Film Awards and the London Independent Film Awards.

I learned about this film from a relative, who asked, “Is this real?”

I am sure I had seen Green Flake’s name in my readings, but as my readings have been many, I didn’t immediately recognize his name. So I googled Green Flake.

As I told my relative, “Any life during that era was fascinating and filled with peril.” The Los Angeles International Film Festival noted, “It is time to cheer a film like this with its central Black protagonist and his journey on the screen, which takes it above and beyond the standard slave-themed films we have seen in recent years.”

Green Flake was a young slave in the James Flake household in Mississippi, gifted to James as a wedding present when Green was ten.

A few years later, missionaries arrived at the James Flake home in Mississippi with the message of the Restored Gospel. James Flake and many in his household were converted. And James Flake freed his slaves.

Here is where an understanding of 19th century slave laws becomes important. For freed slaves had to leave to remain free. But the former slaves, like Green, who had also been baptized did not want to leave the tiny family congregation of believers. So Green and these freed individuals who wished to remain with the Flake family chose to be reclassified as slaves to maintain association with the family they loved so well, now as fellow Saints.[ref]I know this requirement that a freed slave leave the state was true in Virginia. I am open to challenge if anyone can prove that this was not also law in Mississippi.[/ref]

Young Green threw his lot in with the Saints, including becoming part of the advance company headed by Brigham Young that was first to arrive in the Salt Lake valley. In fact, Green was part of the first group to arrive in the valley on 22 July, two days ahead of Brigham Young, who was ill. Green would end up marrying Martha Crosby, sister to one of the other two Black men who had been part of that original group.

The 1850 census records Green as a slave. In 1851, Agnes Flake decided to relocate to San Bernardino, to form part of the community of Saints in that region.[ref]James died in May 1850 in California. It appears Agnes may have left for California without being award that James had died.[/ref] Green Flake was left in Salt Lake. According to Flake family tradition, Agnes had tithed Green to the Church. By 1854, James had died. Widowed, Agnes Flake sent word to Salt Lake, asking that “the negro man she left” be sent to California to help her. It is unclear whether Agnes or the person who wrote the letter was the one unclear about the fact that California was a Free state, making reference to Black individuals as property entirely inappropriate. Brigham Young, however, would have been extremely aware of the national politics that had both made California a Free state and Utah Territory an entity expected to permit continued slavery. In any event, Brigham Young declined Agnes’s request, citing Green’s poor health and need to provide for Green’s own family in Utah. Agnes herself would die in 1855, leaving her young children to be cared for by Lizzy, yet another of the Black Saints who had originally been converted in Mississippi and chosen to align their lives with the Flake family.[ref]Lizzy or others in the community apparently did not realize living in California made a person free, as the Flakes sent to Utah for papers to document that Lizzy was free. Lizzy, like Green, had been gifted to James Flake as a wedding present. At the time, Lizzy was only four years old.[/ref]

There is not yet documentation to clarify when and how Green was freed, though the late D. Michael Quinn maintained that Brigham would free all slaves that were “tithed” to the Church via him. The 1860 census records Green as a free man.

I look forward to watching His Name is Green Flake this summer!

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About Meg Stout

Meg Stout has been an active member of the Church of Jesus Christ (of Latter-day Saints) for decades. She lives in the DC area with her husband, Bryan, and several daughters. She is an engineer by vocation and a writer by avocation. Meg is the author of Reluctant Polygamist, laying out the possibility that Joseph taught the acceptability of plural marriage but that Emma was right to assert she had been Joseph's only true wife.

2 thoughts on “Green Flake

  1. After posting this, I remembered that it is Mother’s Day. Except I celebrated Mother’s Day last weekend, spending the better part of a week in the Williamsburg area with all my kids. So let’s just say this is the mental equivalent for me of getting breakfast in bed. And it probably makes the folks associated with the Green Flake movie happy that their movie is being discussed on Mother’s Day. 🙂

  2. I look forward to this movie and the Three Witnesses movie Geoff talked about a few months ago. Thank you.

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