Book Review: Howe and Bushman, “Parallels and Convergences: Mormon Thought and Engineering Vision”

Title: Parallels and Convergences: Mormon Thought and Engineering Vision

Editors: A. Scott Howe and Richard L. Bushman

Publisher: Greg Kofford Books

Genre: Philosophy/Religion

Year: 2012

Pages: 190

Binding: Softcover

ISBN: 978-1-58958-187-6

Price: $24.95


Reviewed by Ivan Wolfe for the Association for Mormon Letters

I should have hated this book.  While I don’t mind the occasional theological speculation done in a private setting, I generally do not enjoy speculation on “deep” matters of the gospel.  Yet this book, which contains a lot of very deep speculation into many, many theological matters related to the latter-day gospel, won me over.

Not that I agree with any of the authors on any particular subject.  However, the essays in this book (culled from a conference held at the Claremont Graduate University in 2009) come across as very humble.  While various authors present their views in varying degrees of forthrightness, each one maintains an attitude of “I could be totally wrong, but based on what I know, here is my best idea.”

Overall, the essays have a theme of (as the subtitle states) “Mormon Thought and Engineering Vision.”  However, individually they cover the gamut from Transhumanism to Quantum Physics and Philosophy of the Mind.  Essays deal with whether “light” can be considered “spirit matter” and how that would affect our understanding of the gospel, whether Mormonism helps deal with the apparent contradiction between free will and materialism, and whether God can be considered an Engineer (this latter essay I found to be the best, as even if one does not accept it on a literal level, it works wonderfully as a devotional analogy).


I personally have very little sympathy for Transhumanism and yet I found the chapters on that subject the most fascinating.  They didn’t win me over (or even nudge me), but the presentation was clear, concise, and creative.

Interestingly, the subject covered in this volume I have the most sympathy for (the Gaia hypothesis) left me somewhat cold.

Not being a scientist, I also appreciated that each essay seemed aimed at a more general audience.  Though not every scientific principle was explained, the more difficult concepts received clear explanations.  If I had a complaint, it might be on this front – several essays felt as if they had so much explanation of the basic concepts that the main point of the essay came across as almost an afterthought.

Overall, however, as long as these essays are taken in the humble spirit they were offered and not taken as the final (or near final) word on these subjects, any reader will (even if they think some of the speculation, as I did, was somewhat misguided) find something worthwhile in this book.

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About Ivan W.

Ivan Wolfe teaches rhetoric at Arizona State University. He has a PhD in English from the University of Texas - Austin, and a BA and MA in English (with minors in Classical Greek, Music, and Philosophy) from BYU. He has several credits on various Christmas albums aimed at the LDS market, several essays in Open Court's Popular Culture and Philosophy series, and various book reviews in academic and popular venues. He also competes in Scottish Highland Games and mud run/obstacle course races, and he can deadlit over double his bodyweight (his last PR was just shy of 500 pounds). He is currently married to Lisa Renee Wolfe. He has five kids and four stepkids.

6 thoughts on “Book Review: Howe and Bushman, “Parallels and Convergences: Mormon Thought and Engineering Vision”

  1. Interesting, Ivan W. If any review could persuade me to read essays about Mormonism and transhumanism, this review might be it.

  2. John – not that I recall. Most of the essays were either focused on theological speculation or chronological extrapolation.

  3. The Gaia hypothesis I could take or leave, but I thought the evidence was extremely thought provoking and interesting. Transhumanism, mormon style, is not really that far off what Mormons teach as eternal progression. I think some people imagine things about how they will come to pass in their mind, but when someone offers something different and compelling, it may be natural to be suspicious if we had pre-conceived notions. For me I keep catching myself falling into old evangelically flawed thinking – beliefs that have no scriptural base but are held commonly. While reading this book I found that if I challeneged some of those assumptions then not only was it easier to read, but made much more sense. And yes, the authors were pretty humble in their offering – a sign of a really good scientist if you ask me!

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